The Egyptians are known for one of the most unique cultures humanity has ever seen. Egyptians made great strides in developing technology, agricultural practices, and magnificent art work. The most impressive achievement that occurred during Ancient Egypt was the creation of the Pyramids. The pyramids are considered such an astounding architectural achievement because of how massive they are, and how many were made. Today, 138 pyramids have been discovered in total. The earliest Egyptian pyramids are located at Saqqara and are believed to have been built around 2360 BC. The most famous of the Egyptian pyramids are the pyramids of Giza. The pyramids of Giza are located on the outskirts of Cairo. Majority of the pyramids of Giza are considered some of the largest structures ever built. The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza is the largest of the Egyptian pyramids.
The shape of Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound. Egyptians believed the earth was created in the shape of this primordial mound. In addition, the shape of a pyramid is thought to be a representation of descending rays of the sunlight. Also, most pyramids were polished with a highly reflective white limestone. This limestone gave them a brilliant appearance when viewed from a distance. Pyramids were also named in ways that depicted solar luminescence. The main purpose of creating the pyramids was to give the royal leaders of Egypt a burial site. The burial site contained important belongings that the pharaoh wanted to take into the afterlife. The Egyptians believed that the dark area of the night sky around the stars was a physical gateway into the heavens. There is a narrow shaft that extends from the main burial chamber through the entire body of the Pyramid. This shaft points directly towards the center of this dark part of the sky. This implies that the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a way to send the deceased pharaoh’s soul directly into the heavens.